The domestication of animals is one of the oldest milestones along the road to civilization. The level of sophistication achieved in livestock management is quite remarkable. An understanding of genetics has promoted steady improvement in animal populations. Today, farms and ranches of all sizes choose their approach to breeding practices based on multiple factors. The climate of the pasture resources, type of livestock and marketing strategies are all important drivers in decisions made about managing individual herds.

An operator’s decisions are also influenced by the target market and the prevailing trends in the market. The products derived from animals are a key factor to consider as well. Domesticated since antiquity, different goat species producing fiber, milk and meat present an interesting livestock example. Operators raising purebred goats, primarily for breeding stock, employ strategies that differ considerably from operators raising fiber animals. Two common breeding approaches include line breeding and crossbreeding for genetic management.

Line Breeding

This strategy minimizes the genetic diversity of the herd. Combined with some form of selection technique it produces very consistent and predictable traits among offspring. Selection refers to the choice of breeding pairs based on specific traits that are desirable. Care must be taken that the breeding pair are not too closely related genetically to avoid the negative repercussions of inbreeding.

Cross Breeding

The practice of using breeding pairs from different breeds results in the first generation of offspring that benefit from the consistent expression of traits from each respective breed. Subsequent generations, utilizing off-spring from the initial cross as breeding stock, will lose the consistency in expression. Random traits from each breed are expressed resulting in more diverse and less predictable characteristics. Within the cross-breeding strategy, there are different approaches to subsequent generation genetic management.

Various breeding strategies in livestock operations offer opportunities for useful promotion or suppression of phenotypic traits. When consistently applied over multiple generations of animals, specific desirable traits can be realized. Informed operators can leverage the different strategies to their advantage. Ultimately, the outcome sought after is improved animal populations that sustain profitable operation and market satisfaction.

Choosing a dog to add to your family is exciting, but you need to remember that all dogs are different. Some are active while some prefer to lounge on the couch. Others are friendly and playful while some are fiercely protective. No one wants to have to give their dog away because it isn’t a good fit for the family, so it is vital to carefully consider your family’s specific needs before deciding which type of dog is best for you. Use these three tips to help you find the perfect companion.

Choose a Breed That Meets Your Needs

If you live in a small apartment, you probably want a small dog that likes to snuggle. If you’re looking for a dog that can deter would-be intruders, a large dog with a loud bark is a better option. For families that are looking for a kid-friendly companion, friendly breeds are best. You may decide on cocker spaniels for snuggle companions, German shepherd puppies Miami for security, or Labrador retrievers for your kids.

Select a Breed That Can Keep Up with Your Lifestyle

Your activity level is a crucial aspect to consider before getting a dog. If you like to be active, choose a breed that has lots of energy and enjoys running or hiking with you. However, this same breed won’t be a good fit for someone who doesn’t exercise much. Make sure the breed you choose has an appropriate energy level for your lifestyle.

Pick a Breed That Fits into Your Family Dynamics

Some dogs are gentle and patient, making them ideal for babies and toddlers. Other dogs are better suited for other kids because they are more rambunctious. Young couples who like to travel may want to choose a friendly, energetic breed, while elderly individuals often prefer docile companions who don’t have excess energy.

There are dog breeds suited to nearly any lifestyle and home. Choose a dog that fits your family and you will have the perfect companion for life.

No matter what they do, they’re adorable. Humans—or as internet “doggos” call them: hoomans—will swoon at everything dogs do. Dogs can just be sleeping, sitting, or staring out the window, and people will endlessly share and like it. According to a recent study, people view this kind of content three times a week. So, why do we love dog videos and pictures so much?

As a form of escapism

The internet can be a bleak place sometimes. There’s news about the atrocities of inequality, abuse of power, and plain tomfoolery all over social media feeds. At times, out of Twitter’s dark humor, there’s a scoreboard to keep track of internet fights and who sent a non-politically correct Tweet out of their drafts. As a result, people seek wholesome feel-good content as a form of escapism. This much-needed boost of cheerfulness, energy, and happiness from dogs’ antics can make the audience smile without even trying.

Humans love them like family

This love has carried on to this day. More and more pet owners treat their dogs as part of the family. In the US, a pet owner spends an average of $2,000 annually on food, medical needs, and dog trainingHumans’ fondness of dogs is more than just cuteness, though, it’s about how they make them happy through emotional—and sometimes physical—support. For instance, petting and looking a dog in the eye releases oxytocin, the love hormone. Interaction with pets can lower blood pressure and reduce stress as well.

How many dog videos and pictures are on the internet?

The number of dog content on the internet is unimaginable. If someone would do a very rough estimate of the number of dog content online, they will have to look at the statistics:

  • In the United States, 4 million households own a dog.
  • Adult dog owners post about their pets six times a week on average.

If each of these household post at the given rate, that would be 570.6 million dog content per week. 1 out of 10 fur parents owns a social media account on behalf of their dog.

The canine-human bond has been present for centuries.

Humans’ fascination with dogs has been around for a long time. Evidence shows that the human-canine relationship has been around since 14,000 years ago, and some even contend that it has been twice longer than that. Wolves and canine aided our ancestors in their hunt for food and other necessities. As these animals “gaze at them with a certain attentiveness, a certain loving neediness,” humans began falling in love with their loyal company so much so that they chose to be buried with them.

The way someone treats dogs says a lot about them

An NBC article points out that posting dog content on social media could be a branding tool. When a user is not comfortable posting pictures of themselves, they resort to posting their pets as a reflection of themselves. A happy and healthy dog means that they are caring and loving. Whatever the motivation of this content is, one thing is certain: humans love dogs on the internet and in real life.



Looking for dog training tips? Training is effective when it is done right away. Dog owners need to begin somewhere. It doesn’t matter if owners choose to train their dog on their own or choose to hire a trainer to do it for them, such as dog training Houston. The timing remains the same either way. An important tip to remember is that dogs that are spayed and neutered are easier to train because they are not as aggressive. If the dog is old enough to have this done, this should be taken care of before training begins.

Make sure to choose a name that has a rather short name ending to help with training. Dogs will be able to hear their name more clearly by doing so. Dog names with stronger endings make the puppy perk up faster. This is because of the strong emphasis at the ending of their name. It really makes a difference. However, older dogs may already be used to their names, so there is no point in changing it. Dog owners can consider changing a name if their dog was from a breeder or even if they are coming out of a home that was abusive. This entails a fresh start.

Deciding on house rules is also very important prior to bringing the dog home. Should the dog be allowed on the living room couch? Is the dog allowed on the bed? These rules should be laid out to avoid any confusion in the long run. If certain areas in the home are off-limits, this should be set clear. A private den should be set up as the dog’s room. From the minute the dog comes home, they should be introduced to their sleeping den. This room should not be used by anyone else in the home. Dog owners can reward their dogs as they show signs of remaining calm and relaxed after being left alone for short periods of time in their private space.

Dog owners have a duty to help their new dog relax once it is brought home. A warm hot water bottle is a great start in helping a dog relax and get settled into their new home. A ticking clock near the dogs sleeping area may be beneficial for imitating the heartbeat of littermates. It will also help soothe him in a new environment. Dogs that have just come from loud shelters may be very well in need of such a soothing environment.

Try teaching the dog to respond when his name is called. This is a great command and should be taught first before any other commands. This is also a great way to reinforce alpha status. Make sure to use his name to get him to come. Once he follows those commands, he should be rewarded using positive reinforcement. This can also be tried when the dog is busy doing other things. This will help a great deal as the dog begins to age.

Any good behavior should always be rewarded. Treats, and dog toys are a great way to reward him when he does something good. Show him some love. Most of all, allow him to see that what he is doing is the right thing. Bad behavior should never be rewarded as it will leave him confused.

Dog owners that need to seek professional advice, can do so by dog training Houston. Dog trainers are more than happy to help out with any tips or sessions that will ultimately have a huge impact in the future.



The great outdoors is a wonderful place to spend time. It can be enjoyed during any time of the year. Being outside is not only healthy, but it can be an enjoyable time for you and your family. There are so many ways to appreciate being outside, and here are a few of the more popular activities you can enjoy.


Fishing is a fun activity that can also be challenging at times. No matter if you own a boat or not, you can still enjoy the time spent out along the water. There are many places you can fish from including lakes, streams, and even the ocean. All you’ll need is a fishing pole, and then you can get on your way.


A great way to exercise is to go out on a nice hike. Many parts of the country have different terrains and lands that you can walkthrough. State parks and government land offer great places to explore and see. If you walk through rough territory, make sure you bring the proper equipment. The right clothes and shoes should also be worn so you can have an enjoyable time.


Depending on where you live will determine what type of animal is available for you to hunt. Many states offer specific licenses for each species, and you can choose which ones you want to go after or not. Some popular animals are turkey, bear, and deer. All you need are some deer hunting supplies, a licensed gun, and some property, and you can go after that animal.


Riding off-road vehicles is fun but can be an expensive outdoor hobby. You could have a four-wheeler, dirt bike, or buggy to go mudding in. The more property you have, the more opportunity there is to explore and have fun. You can trail ride with friends or go out by yourself.

Enjoying the outdoors and the beauty of nature is breathtaking. These are just a few of the ways you can have fun the next time you are outside.

The German Shepherd was the second most popular breed of dog in the United States in 2019, trailing only the Labrador Retriever. The most popular color variation of the German Shepherd is the Saddle Back, however, there are four main color variations of the breed.

Saddle Back

The Saddle Back is the most common type of German Shepherd. This variety is named for the saddle-shaped black coloration on their backs. They often also have black markings on the muzzle and tail and are usually red or tan elsewhere. This is the variety most commonly seen in dog shows and competitions. They can be registered by a variety of organizations with the most common for dogs bred in the United States being the AKC. Dogs imported from Germany are often registered by Vereine für Deutsche Schäferhunde and are commonly referred to as a pink papered German Shepherd.


The Sable variety is similar in coloration to the Saddle Back but lacks the distinctive saddle pattern. They are usually born tan and then develop darker colors as they get older.

Solid Color

The solid color German Shepherd is less common but only differs from the Saddle Back in that their coat is one solid color. The most common colors are black and white, though only the black variety is accepted in competitions.


The Panda German Shepherd has an uncommon genetic mutation that results in white coloration on the abdomen and legs and black elsewhere. This variety is somewhat controversial with some breeders, who consider white markings to be a sign of poor breeding.

German Shepherds are a popular breed, best known for the classic black and tan coloration of the Saddle Back. However, the breed also comes in three other less common color variations, many of which are also eligible for registration and competition.

Adopting a new puppy into your family will change your life for the better but, at first, it will be a little challenging. A new puppy is a bundle of seemingly bottomless energy that, like a toddler, will be awake and ready to play at odd hours. Moreover, there will be a couple of mistakes (i.e. ruined furniture) as it adjusts to its new home.

There certainly will be a few problems along the way, but in time and with proper training, you can raise your fur-ever friend into a gentle and loving pet. Good thing, there are puppy schools in Orem and other places in Utah to help you out when you encounter these issues.

House-breaking Your New Pal

The first thing you would want to teach your pup is potty training. After all, no owner will want a dog that grows up not knowing that the bed is not the carpet and is not the right place to pee or poo.

This will require time and patience. Your pup will not be able to learn what is right and wrong overnight. It would take weeks, or even months, for your pup to be successfully house trained. Remember that establishing a routine (that you and your pet will strictly follow) and having plenty of spot removers will be necessary during potty training.

Housetraining also involves crate training. Your pup, like you, needs a room of its own where it can spend some time in solitude. A crate will provide a relaxing and comforting area for your pup when it needs a break. It is a safe space for when the entire household is busy and you do not want your dog running around.

Leash Training and Socialization

Going out for a walk around the neighborhood or playing in the local dog park will be the highlight of your pup’s day. However, before you go exploring the world, your pup will need to learn a couple of things first. One is to train it to walk confidently wearing a collar or a harness and a leash. Two, your pup needs to follow you politely wherever you want to go, not pull or drag you away from your daily route.

To do these, let your pup get used to wearing a collar or a harness inside the house. When it starts to tug into a different direction, turn into a tree and do not move until it has returned to you.

Another thing that your pup needs to get used to is interacting with other people and dogs. You do not want your pup to bark and get into fights when you are at a dog park. A puppy school provides a secure and controlled environment for your pup to meet and get used to the presence of other dogs. Moreover, you, as an owner, will have the opportunity to learn your pup’s body language so you can intervene when you need to.


When your pup is young, expect to lose a few prized possessions. Your pup will be so energetic and your patience will be tested. You can expect a lot of digging, scratching, and gnawing while it is growing up.

To prevent your pup from destroying items within your home, give it its own toys to play with and set some boundaries (not letting it inside certain rooms, for example). Moreover, give it ample exercise throughout the day so that, by the time you come home from your walks, your pup will be too exhausted to chew your work shoes or clothes.

Caring for a dog, let alone a puppy, is not all fun and games. However, in the end, all your hard work will be worth it. You will gain not just an adorable companion but a loyal friend for life.

Welcoming a puppy into your home is exciting but, as a new dog owner, you probably have a lot of questions about the new member of your family. Raising a pup would be a lot like having a toddler; your little furry pal will have the same energy and curiosity about the world around it. It can be a little worrisome at first, but do not worry. Here are some tips that will make caring for a puppy a little easier:

Begin Puppy Training Early

As soon as your pooch has settled into its new home, you need to begin its training. Its first months is a crucial learning period and you need to be around to monitor its activities. You should praise and reward good behavior so your pup will understand what and what not to do.

To make this task easier, consider enrolling your pup to a puppy school. In Orem, there are experts that offer to train dogs — from housebreaking to basic obedience behaviors — for you so it will grow up without problems. A puppy school provides an opportunity for your pup to meet and socialize with other dogs and people. When you two inevitably encounter another dog at the park or when you get a new pet, it will not be aggressive nor feel anxious.

Remember: Your pup is still young and you likely will encounter a few mistakes and accidents. Just be patient. Setting up regular schedules for feeding and potty breaks will help your pup learn faster.

Puppy-Proof Your Home

When you welcome a toddler into your home, you need to make changes that will keep it safe from any harm. You need to do the same for a pup.

First, remove all the clutter. It is important that you do not leave small items in your home out of your pup’s reach. Anything that it might try to eat, including toys and coins, should be placed in proper storage. If you need to secure electric cords. They need to be hidden behind furniture or consider purchasing spiral wraps. Your pup may be injured from chewing an electric cord. If you have plants, make sure that its leaves are not toxic to dogs. For safe measure, move all plants to areas that your new pup will not be able to reach.

In addition, make sure to cover any vents and balconies. These measures will not only keep your pup safe, but they will also reduce your anxiety over your furry pal getting lost or hurt.

Buy All Essentials

Make a list of everything that your pup will need and head to the pet store. A crate is one item any dog needs in a new home so that it will have a space of its own as well as help in potty training, You also need to get food and water bowls, a collar and a leash, poop bags, a brush or a comb, nail trimmers, a shampoo, a toothbrush and a toothpaste, and home cleaners. Make sure that these items are safe to use on dogs.

Regarding food, choose those that are specifically created for young pups. There are often instructions on what and how much food to give dogs based on size, age, and breed so follow them diligently.

Visit a Vet

You should seek a veterinarian that you feel confident with and schedule a consultation for your pup. Ask for the shots that your pup needs and talk to them about other necessities such as deworming, desexing, and parasite control. If you have any other concerns, they can answer them for you.

A puppy is an important part of the family. If you want to care for them like how you care for your loved ones, then it would be best to know how you can raise them well. They’re technically your children, except they walk on four legs.




There are several benefits of having a Dog Trainer Houston.


The first benefit is that you are going to have an easier time controlling your dog. This is because you are going to learn the basic commands like come, stay, sit, drop it, and no. Once the dog as learned these commands, then you will be able to manage the dog better when they encounter different situations during the day. Therefore, your dog will have the ability to stay safe when you go for a walk around the park. The training will teach the dog the proper way to greet people.


The second benefit of the Dog Trainer Houston is that it can help to save the life of the dog. This is because you don’t have to worry as much about the dog bolted when they are scared of something. This is still a chance that it could happen but if the dog is well-trained, then they will come back to you when you call them. It is also going to important for them to know how to stop and wait when they are involved in a dangerous situation like if there is a thunderstorm or run out in front of a car.


The third benefit is that it will provide the dog with a more solid base. During the training, you are going to be working with your dog by using the positive reinforcement method. Therefore, you and the dog are going to know how to deal with certain situations that might happen throughout the day. The commands will allow you to keep the dog in control so that you will be able to avoid any potential dangerous situations since the dog will wait for you to give him the commands on what to do.


The fourth benefit is that you will be able to understand what is going on with your dog better. This is because you are going to be spending a lot of quality time with your dog during the training sessions. Therefore, you will be able to understand their body language along with some of the unique signals that they might use in order to communicate with you. This will give the pet all of the tools that need in order to succeed when you are able to give them the commands that you want them to do.


The fifth benefit of the Dog Trainer Houston is that you will be able to develop a stronger bond with your dog. This is something that is going to be very important when you are trying to train your dog. If you are using positive reinforcement, then you will have the ability to gain mutual trust and respect from the dog. This means that your dog is going to be better behaved since they will be more relaxed and confident in themselves. This also helps to reduce the stress so that you can have a loving relationship with your dog.


The sixth benefit is that the dog training can provide some stimulation for the dog. This is because they are also going to get some exercise that they need while they are being trained. When the dog has the ability to get their favorite treat when they have followed a command that you have given them, then they are going to be learning. Even though the dog is just going to say that they have did something that caused them to get a treat. Therefore, the dog will have the satisfaction of knowing that they used their mind to get a reward.


If you are a pet owner, you probably know that it is vital for your dog to have proper attention and care daily to meet its needs with ease.

Have in mind that if your dog spends too much time alone throughout the day when you’re at work, it may lead to a lack of attention, which will ultimately affect its behavior and cause issues with emotions and feelings.

However, you can rest assured, because you will be able to handle this particular problem by sending your beloved pet into a canine daycare. We decided to present you benefits of choosing dog daycare so that you can activate your pet with ease.

1.Relieves Separation Anxiety and Boredom

The biggest reason why you should think about dog daycare is that when you leave your pets alone throughout the day, that could lead to destructive behaviors due to separation anxiety and boredom.

If you leave dog by himself for a few hours a day during the working days, he may become overly anxious and bored, and that can manifest in a wide array of destructive behaviors including howling, excessive barking, chewing and even accidents.

You will be able to reduce this particular problem by engaging him in daycare that will prevent these behaviors and issues that may come with them. It is vital to check here so that you can understand everything about daycare services.

2.Daily Routine and Exercise

Remember that pets are creatures of habit, which is why they enjoy routine. Therefore, when you neglect walking them a few times, that could lead to destructive behaviors.

On the other hand, as soon as you decide to send your dog to daycare, you can rest assured, because they will make sure that he has routine playtime and walks, which is beneficial for both mental and physical health.

Therefore, you should leave information about playtime and other factors that will help kennel staff to provide you with perfect service along the way.

At the same time, the most significant benefit of finding daycare for pets is the ability to maintain his daily exercise regiment, which is essential for maintaining his overall health and happiness.


It is understood that finding a professional doggy day care service will provide you peace of mind because you will know that your pet is well cared for while you are at work.

That will also eliminate the feeling of guilt, which is commonly associated with people that leave their pets in-home while they are away.

On the other hand, we have mentioned above that leaving your beloved pet at home for hours can lead to destructive behavior.

That is the main reason why you should boost his social skills by getting him a daycare because inside, he will play with other humans and dogs which will increase the potential of proper socialization from day one.

It is an excellent way to train your dog to maintain its calm in numerous necessary situations, which is another benefit you should remember.

4.Attention and Safety

If you decide to send your pet to daycare, you will be able to provide him with perfect loving affection and care that they require daily. Most prominent daycare facilities employ staff members that love working with animals, especially dogs.

At the same time, all of them are already pet owners, so they understand the importance of constant and loving attention, which will help both pet and owner maintain the posture and behavior along the way.

We have mentioned above that leaving dog at home by himself can lead to erratic behavior, which may also be a cause for accidents. Therefore, it is a much safer option to send your pet to daycare, mainly due to the ability to reduce anxiety.

Finally, you should remember that a dog has to be active and well cared for throughout the day for him to maintain its positive attitude.

Check out this video: to learn how to integrate new pet into daycare.

Therefore, you should know that getting dog tired means making him happy, so you will have a more happy pet inside your household as soon as you return from work, which is another reason why you should leave him at professional care.

Of course, we recommend you to check everything out beforehand, because there are some situation of lousy daycares, which is something you should avoid altogether.